In this article I would like to
discuss what the Scripture says concerning the first
and seventh day of Passover/ULB; specifically the
first. According to common understanding the
15th day of the first month is the first day which is
referred to as a high Sabbath. Of course, I
think most of us realize by now that we need to
question everything that we have been taught. So
let’s see what happens when we look at the first day
from a slightly different angle.
It is commanded to have a
set-apart gathering on the first day. Do the
Scriptures confirm what this first day is?
And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the
same month. Then all the assembly of the congregation of
Yisra’el shall kill it between the evenings.
The killing of the lamb takes
place on the 14th between the evenings - ?
And they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in
fire with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they
shall eat it.
Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. Indeed on
the first day you cause leaven to cease from
your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the
first day until the seventh day, that being shall be cut
off from Yisra’el.
Notice very carefully “ on the
first day you cause leaven to cease from your house”.
Now, most of us go through a process of getting the
leaven out of the house but according to Scripture, on
what is described as the first day, leaven must cease
from your houses. Now, if the 15th is the first day,
this is the day in which the leaven must cease. In all
honesty, is there anyone here who follows this
command? In other words, do you wait until the 15th to
get the last of the leaven out or do you do this
before the 15th because traditionally, by the time the
15th starts, you are already in the midst of
performing the "roasting in fire and will eat it that
night". That night is the 15th - right?
(according to evening to evening) So the
day before was the 14th day in which you prepare for
the Passover to take place. (Mental note:
remember in the Brit the 14th day of the month, the
day Yahusha was impaled, was referred to as
And on the first day is a set-apart
gathering, and on the seventh day you have a set-apart
gathering. No work at all is done on them, only that
which is eaten by every being, that alone is prepared by
In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month,
in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the
twenty-first day of the month in the evening.
This Scripture says "on the 14th
day of the month you will eat unleavened bread", yet
it seems tradition has placed this date to
the 15th. If the beginning of the
day begins at evening, why would this verse say the
14th and not the 15th? I don't buy the "everyone
knows", because this Scripture clearly says the 14th.
This Scripture clearly confirms that you will eat
unleavened bread on the 14th if we read this and take
it for exactly what it says and read it without adding
And you, none of you shall go out of the door of his
house until morning.
(Mental note: they had to
kill and roast the Passover lamb and eat it in a house
with their neighbors and were not allowed to go
outside of their house; the death messenger was
passing through and Yahuah in His esteem has shown His
mightiness to the nations by killing the first
born. Could this possibly be referring to the
set-apart gathering that will take place on the first
day? Commanded to stay in – what a gathering
that must have been on that night in Mitsrayim the
whole time being a shadow of Yahusha to come and
fulfill the Passover.)
And you shall roast and eat it in the place which Yahuah
your Elohim chooses, and in the morning you
shall turn and go to your tents.
Now, the first day is a set-apart
And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him
and his neighbor next to his house take it according to
the number of the beings, according to each man’s need
you make your count for the lamb.
It seems by default here that
there will be a gathering of individuals who are
required to stay in his house until morning.
1) On the first day the lamb is
killed between the evenings.
2) On the first day leaven must
cease from your house.
3) On the first day is a
4) On the 14th day of the month
in the evening you shall eat unleavened bread.
5) Eat the flesh on that night.
6) In the morning return to
5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the
month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Yahuah.
6 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival
of Unleavened Bread to Yahuah seven days you eat
7 On the first day you have a
set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.
This Scripture is clearly talking
about two separate days. The 14th and the 15th.
If you had to choose between
these two days to determine which is the first day;
which one would it be?
a) the 14th
b) the 15th
Oh, by the way, here again: the
first day you have a set-apart gathering.
16 And in the first month, on the fourteenth day, is the
Passover of Yahuah,
17 and on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival.
For seven days unleavened bread is eaten.
18 On the first day is a set-apart gathering ,
you do no servile work.
Uh, no quiz here, it says the
Now here’s the possible
“And no leaven should be seen with you in all your
border for seven days, neither should any of the
meat which you slaughter in the evening on the first
day stay all night until morning
The day that the Passover lamb
was slaughtered was the 14th and this verse refers to
it as the first day. Now was the
Passover lamb slaughtered on the 14th or the 15th?
Maybe that explains the six more
days because the 14th began the eating of unleavened
bread. The Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the 15th.
Again please compare:
Six days you eat unleavened bread, and on the
seventh day there is a closing festival to Yahuah your
Elohim you do no work.
Six days work is done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath
of rest, a set-apart gathering. You do no work , it is a
Sabbath to Yahuah in all your dwellings.
Now what does the 14th represent?
I mean, what took place on the 14th? Was not our
Passover Lamb slain for us?
Now what does the 15th represent?
A release from bondage?
Here again we see evidence
pointing towards the 14th as what is referred to as
the first day.
….. neither should any of the meat which you
slaughter in the evening on the first (7223) day stay
all night until morning.
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank
(as adjective or noun): - ancestor, (that were) before
(-time), beginning, eldest, first, fore [-father]
(-most), former (thing), of old time, past.
So we can see the many different
definitions such as ‘first’ as in first day, first in
From the same as H7218; a beginning: - beginning.
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake;
the head (as most easily shaken),
whether literally or figuratively (in many
applications, of place, time, rank, etc.): - band,
beginning, captain, chapiter, chief (-est place, man,
things), company, end, X every [man], excellent,
first, forefront, ([be-]) head, height, (on) high
(-est part, [priest]), X lead, X poor, principal,
ruler, sum, top.
So it definitely seems to be
indicating the first day is the 14th and why would it
be considered the first day? The blood of the
lamb must be put on the door posts for the death
messenger to pass by; likewise, it’s Yahusha’s death
that this is spiritualized by the blood being put on
the door post of our hearts that we might be passed by
also. This comes first, foremost, and of the
chiefest order before we are released. The
release took place on the 15th.
What I am presenting here is
simply that there is a great possibility that the 14th
day of the 1st month is the first day spoken of
concerning Passover/ULB in which there is a set-apart
gathering. Now can anybody tell me if there was
ever any bigger set-apart gathering than when Yahusha
offered up Himself up on that stake to die for our
sins? Has somebody been trying to hide something
from us? We need to seriously question this..
There is more evidence
that gives us an indication that the first
and the seventh day of Passover/ULB do not
fall on the 15th or 22nd. As we know,
according to the lunar reckoning the 15th
and the 22nd would be Sabbaths by default,
so let’s see exactly what the command
calls the first and seventh day of
5 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth
day of the month, between the evenings, is
the Passover to Yahuah.
‘And on the fifteenth day of this month is
the Festival of Unleavened Bread to Yahuah
– seven days you eat unleavened bread.
‘On the first day you have a set-apart
gathering, you do no servile work.
‘And you shall bring an offering made by
fire to Yahuah
for seven days. On the seventh day is a
set-apart gathering, you do no servile
if we’re going to stick to exactly what
Yahuah’s instructions are concerning these
days then we will know this – the first
day is a set-apart gathering and also the
seventh in which no “servile” work is to
be done. Of course we know there are other
instructions concerning this day, but what
we are looking for is whether Yahuah
designated these days as “Sabbaths” and as
we can read, He did not. But what happens
is people have assumed that the 15th and
the 22nd are “annual” Sabbaths. This is
simply not the case – nowhere in the Torah
does it ever refer to the first and
seventh day of Passover/ULB as Sabbaths.
Yet when we read the instructions
concerning the Feast of Sukkoth we find:
34 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl,
saying, ‘On the fifteenth day of this
seventh month is the Festival of Booths for
seven days to Yahuah.
‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering,
you do no servile work.
‘For seven days you bring an offering made
by fire to Yahuah.
On the eighth day there shall be a set-apart
gathering for you, and you shall bring an
offering made by fire to Yahuah.
It is a closing festival, you do no servile
‘These are the appointed times of Yahuah
which you proclaim as set-apart gatherings,
to bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah,
a burnt offering and a grain offering, a
slaughtering and drink offerings, as
commanded for every day –
besides the Sabbaths of Yahuah,
and besides your gifts, and besides all your
vows, and besides all your voluntary
offerings which you give to Yahuah.
‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month,
when you gather in the fruit of the land,
observe the festival of Yahuah
for seven days. On the first day is a
rest/7677/sabbaton, and on the eighth day a
we can glean from these instructions are
the festival of Sukkoth begins on the 15th
day of the 7th month and on the first day
you have a set-apart gathering and you do
no servile work and the same instructions
for the eighth day. Yet in verse 39 you
see on the first day and the eighth day
are both referred to as Sabbaton; rest.
Rightly so because these days most
definitely fall on Sabbaths according to
the lunar reckoning.
to closely examine Passover/ULB with Sukkoth
we see the first date being spoken of in
Passover/ULB – the 14th which is considered
a feast unto itself. The second date spoken
of is the 15th which begins the feast of
ULB. Yet in Sukkoth the first date
mentioned is the 15th. Now as we
understand the lunar reckoning we know
that the first day of the month is a first
day (of the month) we also know the second
day of the month is also a first day (of
the week); thereby we have two first days
back to back. We are looking at the same
thing concerning Passover/ULB – the 14th
is a first day and the Feast of ULB on the
15th begins the first day of the Feast.
These days are also represented by ‘in the
beginning’. In the beginning takes place
prior to the beginning of the work week,
in the beginning was the day the
foundations of the earth was laid;
according to the Scripture Yahusha was
slain from the foundation of the earth –
or ‘in the beginning’.
13:8 And all those dwelling on the
earth, whose names have not been written in
the Book of Life of the slain Lamb, from the
foundation of the world shall worship him.
17:8 “The beast that you saw was, and
is not, and is about to come up out of the
pit of the deep and goes to destruction. And
those dwelling on the earth, whose names are
not written in the Book of Life from the
foundation of the world, shall marvel when
they see the beast that was, and is not, and
‘in the beginning’ is represented by when
the foundations of the earth were laid and
Yahusha was slain from that time; in the
shadow sense. In the beginning when the
heavens and earth were created is the day
before the first work day of the creation
week. That creation week was also a type
and shadow of the 7,000 year millennial
plan. Both the Feast of ULB and Sukkoth
are shadows of the creation week. IOW, the
first day of the feast of ULB and Sukkoth
both represent the first day of the
creation work week culminating in the 7th
day return; a day is a 1,000 years. Each
day of the 1,000 years is represented in
the feast days. The 14th day of the month
represents the ‘yom’ before the 6 day work
period culminating in the 7th day rest.
The 8th day of the Feast of Sukkoth
represents the ‘yom’ after the 7,000th
year has been completed. And looks
something like this:
day of the first month = in the beginning
day of the month – 1st day of feast – 1st
1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 2nd day of the feast –
2nd 1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 3rd day of the feast –
3rd 1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 4th day of the feast –
4th 1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 5th day of the feast –
5th 1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 6th day of the feast -
6th 1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 7th day of the feast –
7th 1,000 years in the physical count
day of the month – 8th day representing
Last Great Day, new heavens and new earth
again, there are many reasons to believe
the 14th day of the first month is
actually ‘the first day’ of Passover/ULB.
Now if that’s not enough please go read
the Passover account in 2 chronicles 35 –
YoshiYahu’s Passover. Now if you
choose to do that, keep in mind the
instructions concerning the first day.
16 ‘And in the first month, on the
fourteenth day, is the Passover of Yahuah,
and on the fifteenth day of this month is a
festival. For seven days unleavened bread is
‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering,
you do no servile work.
‘And you shall bring near an offering made
by fire as a burnt offering to Yahuah:
two young bulls and one ram, and seven lambs
a year old, perfect ones they are for you,
and their grain offering, fine flour mixed
with oil. Prepare three-tenths of an ĕphah
for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram.
‘Prepare one-tenth of an ĕphah for each of
the seven lambs,
and one goat as a sin offering, to make
atonement for you.
‘Prepare these besides the burnt offering of
the morning, which is for a continual burnt
‘According to these you are to prepare the
food of the offering made by fire daily for
seven days, as a sweet fragrance to Yahuah.
It is prepared besides the continual burnt
offering and its drink offering.
‘And on the seventh day you have a set-apart
gathering, you do no servile work.
if you read the account, you will find
that they had been giving slaughter
offerings all day long until the evening
when they put the Passover lamb on the
fire. Now according to the common
understanding of the 15th day being the
‘first day’ the question has to come to
mind, is not only the Passover lamb to be
slaughtered on the 14th day of the month?
If this is so, why do we find all these
other slaughter offerings taking place all
day long until evening? Maybe they simply
understood that 14 comes before 15
therefore it is the first day.
I believe the enemy has been behind
destroying and hiding the understanding
that the 14th day of the month is the
first day. This day directly ties in with
‘in the beginning’ it also indirectly ties
in with all new moons and most definitely
the 7th. Why is it that day would not be
considered a set-apart gathering? I mean
logically you would think it would be as
HE suffered all day long for our sins.
I was in a conversation with an
individual that had some questions concerning this
topic. I have reproduced part of that here.
I understand your issue with those
purporting the 3day/3night theory, and
their correlation with the 15th being a
Shabbat. But as you can see in the
current discussion in which we have both
made contributions in the group
"Truth... Expose Lies", whether it was
considered a Shabbat or not, there is no
text in the 4 gospels that conclusively
prove that more than one Shabbat
occurred between Yahushua's execution
I agree. It’s kind of like a tag team. I’m
coming from a little bit different
perspective in demanding the proof that the
15th is their first day of ULB Sabbath and
on the other hand you’re demanding the proof
that there was two Sabbaths in that account.
It seems that both of our questions cannot
be answered. Well, at least not legitimately
with Scripture. The point you make is an
excellent one – that there are not two
Sabbaths mentioned is absolutely correct.
Every account shows the same Sabbath. I had
an attempt made to answer that when I was
asking for a time line that shows exactly
what happened and what they ended up doing
was quoting one of the same verses twice to
explain two different Sabbaths! I really
don’t even think they were aware they were
doing this until it was pointed out then I
heard nothing back from them.
“Second, I have heard
many explanations and definitions for
what John 19:31 meant by calling THAT
SABBATH on Abib 15 a "high day".
Regardless WHICH meaning or
understanding one espouses, it is
obvious that it was referring to two
elements which made it of great
Day of Unleavened Bread (Lev 23:6), and
The 7th Day Sabbath (Ex 20:8-11)
is your understanding of the
significance and reason behind Abib 15
being called a "high day". I have my own
perspective, of course. But I would like
to hear yours.”
I believe the reason that Yahuchanon
mentioned that Sabbath as being a high/mega
Sabbath is simply because that is the day
the Feast of ULB begins. Which means it was
a ‘big’ Sabbath. As was mentioned in Exo. 12
it said to guard this day and to guard it
means to keep it and recognize it for the
big Sabbath that it is. There is absolutely
nothing in the Torah that ever refers to the
first or seventh day of Passover/ULB being a
Sabbath, so it can only be referring to the
7th day Sabbath, that is the Sabbath with
the command to rest.
also went and dug something up off
of our forum. This might be some
interest to you for further
confirmation from the Scripture, an
actual event that took place, that I
believe absolutely confirms that the
first day of Passover/ULB is the
14th. You can view the comments at:
if you choose.
no leaven should be seen with you
in all your border for seven days,
neither should any of the meat
which you slaughter in the evening
on the first day stay all night
verse says that the first day is
the day that you slaughter the
Passover. Most people ignore that
and say the first day is the 15th.
I believe these Scriptures prove
that the 14th is the first day.
This is the command concerning the
‘And in the first month, on the
fourteenth day, is the Passover
and on the fifteenth day of this
month is a festival. For seven
days unleavened bread is eaten.
‘On the first day is a set-apart
gathering, you do no servile
‘And you shall bring near an
offering made by fire as a burnt
offering to Yahuah:
two young bulls and one ram, and
seven lambs a year old, perfect
ones they are for you,
and their grain offering, fine
flour mixed with oil. Prepare
three-tenths of an ĕphah for a
bull, and two-tenths for a ram.
‘Prepare one-tenth of an ĕphah
for each of the seven lambs,
and one goat as a sin offering,
to make atonement for you.
‘Prepare these besides the burnt
offering of the morning, which
is for a continual burnt
‘According to these you are to
prepare the food of the offering
made by fire daily for seven
days, as a sweet fragrance to Yahuah.
It is prepared besides the
continual burnt offering and its
‘And on the seventh day you have
a set-apart gathering, you do no
commands tell us that on the first
day is a set-apart gathering and
there are also other offerings
made by fire, they are burnt
offerings unto Yahuah. Again, most
people refer to this first day as
being the 15th. But these next
Scriptures testify that the first
day is the 14th; observe very
closely what takes place in this
account of the Passover that
And Yoshiyahu performed a
Passover to Yahuah
in Yerushalayim, and they
slaughtered the Passover on the
fourteenth day of the first
And he set the priests in their
duties and strengthened them for
the service of the House of Yahuah,
and said to the Lewites who were
teaching all Yisra’el, who were
set-apart to Yahuah,
“Put the set-apart ark in the
house which Shelomoh son of
Dawiḏ, sovereign of Yisra’el,
built. It is no longer to be a
burden on your shoulders. Now
your Elohim and His people
and prepare by the fathers’
houses, according to your
divisions, by the writing of
Dawiḏ sovereign of Yisra’el and
by the writing of Shelomoh his
“And stand in the set-apart
place by the divisions of the
fathers’ houses of your brothers
the lay people, and the portion
of the father’s house of the
“And slaughter the Passover, and
set yourselves apart, and
prepare for your brothers, to do
according to the word of Yahuah
by the hand of Mosheh.”
Scriptures confirm that they kept
the Passover according to the word
of Yahuah by the hand of Mosheh.
Do we believe that they observed
Passover incorrectly? If one
insists that the 15th is the first
day then one would have to say
that YoshiYahu did not keep it
according to the instructions
given in Torah.
very carefully the free-will
offerings that were given to the
lay people for Passover, you will
find the same animals that were
prescribed in the Torah concerning
the first day through the seventh
And Yoshiyahu gave the lay
people lambs and young goats
from the flock, all for Passover
offerings for everyone present,
to the number of thirty
thousand, and three thousand
cattle – these were from the
And his leaders contributed a
voluntary offering to the
people, to the priests, and to
the Lĕwites. Hilqiyah, and
Zeḵaryahu, and Yehi’el, leaders
of the House of Elohim, gave to
the priests for the Passover
offerings two thousand six
hundred, and three hundred
and Konanyahu, his brothers
Shemayahu and Nethane’l, and
Hashaḇyahu and Yeʽi’el and
Yozaḇaḏ, chiefs of the Lewites,
gave to the Lewites for Passover
offerings five thousand, and
five hundred cattle.
And the service was prepared,
and the priests stood in their
places, and the Lĕwites in their
divisions, according to the
command of the sovereign,
and they slaughtered the
Passover. And the priests
sprinkled out of their hands,
while the Lĕwites were skinning.
And they removed the burnt
offerings, to give them to the
divisions of the fathers’ houses
of the lay people, to bring to Yahuah,
as it is written in the Book of
Mosheh, and the same with the
So they roasted the Passover
offerings with fire according to
the right-ruling, and they
boiled the set-apart offerings
in pots, and in cauldrons, and
in bowls, and brought them
speedily to all the lay people.
And afterward they prepared for
themselves and for the priests,
because the priests, the sons of
Aharon, were offering burnt
offerings and fat until night.
So the Lĕwites prepared for
themselves and for the priests,
the sons of Aharon.
And the singers, the sons of
Asaph, were in their places,
according to the command of
Dawiḏ, and Asaph, and Heman, and
Yeḏuthun the seer of the
sovereign. And the gatekeepers
at each gate did not have to
leave their position, because
their brothers the Lewites
prepared for them.
And all the service of Yahuah
was prepared that day, to
perform the Passover and to
offer burnt offerings on the
altar of Yahuah,
according to the command of
And the children of Yisra’el who
were present performed the
Passover at that time, and the
Festival of Unleavened Bread for
There had not been a Passover
performed in Yisra’el like it
since the days of Shemu’el the
prophet. And none of the
sovereigns of Yisra’el had
performed such a Passover as
Yoshiyahu performed, with the
priests and the Lewites, and all
Yehuḏah and Yisra’el who were
present, and the inhabitants of
we can clearly see in this
Passover account that there were
offerings being made all day long
starting with the morning
continual burnt offering all the
way through to killing the
Passover; which takes place in the
evening, and there were so many
offerings that they had to be put
in pots, cauldrons, and bowls.
Verse 12 tells us that they did
this according to ‘as it is
written in the book of Mosheh’;
which means the Scriptures hold
true saying that the day the lamb
is slaughtered is the first day.
In this account of Passover we can
see that all the animals for the
first day command were all present
and being offered. I believe this
account conclusively proves that
the 15th is not the first day.