First day of Passover/ULB is....






In this article I would like to discuss what the Scripture says concerning the first and seventh day of Passover/ULB; specifically the first.  According to common understanding the 15th day of the first month is the first day which is referred to as a high Sabbath.  Of course, I think most of us realize by now that we need to question everything that we have been taught.  So let’s see what happens when we look at the first day from a slightly different angle.

It is commanded to have a set-apart gathering on the first day. Do the Scriptures confirm what this first day is?

Exodus 12:6:
And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then all the assembly of the congregation of Yisra’el shall kill it between the evenings.

The killing of the lamb takes place on the 14th between the evenings - ?

Exodus 12:8:
And they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in fire with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Exodus 12:15:
Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. Indeed on the first day you cause leaven to cease from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that being shall be cut off from Yisra’el.

Notice very carefully “ on the first day you cause leaven to cease from your house”. Now, most of us go through a process of getting the leaven out of the house but according to Scripture, on what is described as the first day, leaven must cease from your houses. Now, if the 15th is the first day, this is the day in which the leaven must cease. In all honesty, is there anyone here who follows this command? In other words, do you wait until the 15th to get the last of the leaven out or do you do this before the 15th because traditionally, by the time the 15th starts, you are already in the midst of performing the "roasting in fire and will eat it that night". That night is the 15th - right?  (according to evening to evening)  So the day before was the 14th day in which you prepare for the Passover to take place.  (Mental note:  remember in the Brit the 14th day of the month, the day Yahusha was impaled, was referred to as Preparation Day.)

Exodus 12:16:
And on the first day is a set-apart gathering, and on the seventh day you have a set-apart gathering. No work at all is done on them, only that which is eaten by every being, that alone is prepared by you.

Exodus 12:18:
In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening.

This Scripture says "on the 14th day of the month you will eat unleavened bread", yet it seems tradition has placed this date to the 15th. If the beginning of the day begins at evening, why would this verse say the 14th and not the 15th? I don't buy the "everyone knows", because this Scripture clearly says the 14th. This Scripture clearly confirms that you will eat unleavened bread on the 14th if we read this and take it for exactly what it says and read it without adding any assumptions. 

Exodus 12:22b:
And you, none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.

(Mental note:  they had to kill and roast the Passover lamb and eat it in a house with their neighbors and were not allowed to go outside of their house; the death messenger was passing through and Yahuah in His esteem has shown His mightiness to the nations by killing the first born.  Could this possibly be referring to the set-apart gathering that will take place on the first day?  Commanded to stay in – what a gathering that must have been on that night in Mitsrayim the whole time being a shadow of Yahusha to come and fulfill the Passover.)

Deut. 16:7:
And you shall roast and eat it in the place which Yahuah your Elohim chooses, and in the morning you shall turn and go to your tents.

Now, the first day is a set-apart gathering, right?

Exodus 12:4:
And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the beings, according to each man’s need you make your count for the lamb.

It seems by default here that there will be a gathering of individuals who are required to stay in his house until morning.

1) On the first day the lamb is killed between the evenings.

2) On the first day leaven must cease from your house.

3) On the first day is a set-apart gathering.

4) On the 14th day of the month in the evening you shall eat unleavened bread.

5) Eat the flesh on that night.

6) In the morning return to your tents.

Leviticus 23:5-7:
5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Yahuah.
6 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to Yahuah seven days you eat unleavened bread.
7  On the first day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.

This Scripture is clearly talking about two separate days. The 14th and the 15th.

If you had to choose between these two days to determine which is the first day; which one would it be?

a) the 14th

b) the 15th

Oh, by the way, here again: the first day you have a set-apart gathering.

Numbers 28:16-18:
16 And in the first month, on the fourteenth day, is the Passover of Yahuah,
17 and on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival. For seven days unleavened bread is eaten.
18 On the first day is a set-apart gathering , you do no servile work.

Uh, no quiz here, it says the same thing.

Now here’s the possible eye-twitcher:

Deut. 16:4:
“And no leaven should be seen with you in all your border for seven days, neither should any of the meat which you slaughter in the evening on the first day stay all night until morning

The day that the Passover lamb was slaughtered was the 14th and this verse refers to it as the first day. Now was the Passover lamb slaughtered on the 14th or the 15th?

Maybe that explains the six more days because the 14th began the eating of unleavened bread. The Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the 15th.

Again please compare:

Deut. 16:8:
Six days you eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there is a closing festival to Yahuah your Elohim you do no work.

Lev. 23:3:
Six days work is done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a set-apart gathering. You do no work , it is a Sabbath to Yahuah in all your dwellings.

Now what does the 14th represent? I mean, what took place on the 14th? Was not our Passover Lamb slain for us?

Now what does the 15th represent? A release from bondage?

Here again we see evidence pointing towards the 14th as what is referred to as the first day. 

Deut. 16:4b
….. neither should any of the meat which you slaughter in the evening on the first (7223) day stay all night until morning.

H7223

ראשׁן    ראשׁון

ri'shôn  ri'shôn
ree-shone', ree-shone'
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun): - ancestor, (that were) before (-time), beginning, eldest, first, fore [-father] (-most), former (thing), of old time, past.

So we can see the many different definitions such as ‘first’ as in first day, first in rank, foremost

H7221

ראשׁה

ri'shâh
ree-shaw'
From the same as H7218; a beginning: - beginning.

 

H7218

אשׁ

rô'sh
roshe
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.): - band, beginning, captain, chapiter, chief (-est place, man, things), company, end, X every [man], excellent, first, forefront, ([be-]) head, height, (on) high (-est part, [priest]), X lead, X poor, principal, ruler, sum, top.

So it definitely seems to be indicating the first day is the 14th and why would it be considered the first day?  The blood of the lamb must be put on the door posts for the death messenger to pass by; likewise, it’s Yahusha’s death that this is spiritualized by the blood being put on the door post of our hearts that we might be passed by also.  This comes first, foremost, and of the chiefest order before we are released.   The release took place on the 15th. 

What I am presenting here is simply that there is a great possibility that the 14th day of the 1st month is the first day spoken of concerning Passover/ULB in which there is a set-apart gathering.  Now can anybody tell me if there was ever any bigger set-apart gathering than when Yahusha offered up Himself up on that stake to die for our sins?  Has somebody been trying to hide something from us?  We need to seriously question this..


There is more evidence that gives us an indication that the first and the seventh day of Passover/ULB do not fall on the 15th or 22nd. As we know, according to the lunar reckoning the 15th and the 22nd would be Sabbaths by default, so let’s see exactly what the command calls the first and seventh day of Passover/ULB

Lev 23:5-8
5 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Yahuah.

6 ‘And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to
Yahuah – seven days you eat unleavened bread.
7 ‘On the first day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.
8 ‘And you shall bring an offering made by fire to
Yahuah for seven days. On the seventh day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.’ ”

Now if we’re going to stick to exactly what Yahuah’s instructions are concerning these days then we will know this – the first day is a set-apart gathering and also the seventh in which no “servile” work is to be done. Of course we know there are other instructions concerning this day, but what we are looking for is whether Yahuah designated these days as “Sabbaths” and as we can read, He did not. But what happens is people have assumed that the 15th and the 22nd are “annual” Sabbaths. This is simply not the case – nowhere in the Torah does it ever refer to the first and seventh day of Passover/ULB as Sabbaths. Yet when we read the instructions concerning the Feast of Sukkoth we find:

Lev 23:34-39
34 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the Festival of Booths for seven days to
Yahuah.
35 ‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.
36 ‘For seven days you bring an offering made by fire to
Yahuah. On the eighth day there shall be a set-apart gathering for you, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. It is a closing festival, you do no servile work.
37 ‘These are the appointed times of
Yahuah which you proclaim as set-apart gatherings, to bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a slaughtering and drink offerings, as commanded for every day –
38 besides the Sabbaths of
Yahuah, and besides your gifts, and besides all your vows, and besides all your voluntary offerings which you give to Yahuah.
39 ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you gather in the fruit of the land, observe the festival of
Yahuah for seven days. On the first day is a rest/7677/sabbaton, and on the eighth day a rest/7677/sabbaton.

What we can glean from these instructions are the festival of Sukkoth begins on the 15th day of the 7th month and on the first day you have a set-apart gathering and you do no servile work and the same instructions for the eighth day. Yet in verse 39 you see on the first day and the eighth day are both referred to as Sabbaton; rest. Rightly so because these days most definitely fall on Sabbaths according to the lunar reckoning.

So to closely examine Passover/ULB with Sukkoth we see the first date being spoken of in Passover/ULB – the 14th which is considered a feast unto itself. The second date spoken of is the 15th which begins the feast of ULB. Yet in Sukkoth the first date mentioned is the 15th. Now as we understand the lunar reckoning we know that the first day of the month is a first day (of the month) we also know the second day of the month is also a first day (of the week); thereby we have two first days back to back. We are looking at the same thing concerning Passover/ULB – the 14th is a first day and the Feast of ULB on the 15th begins the first day of the Feast. These days are also represented by ‘in the beginning’. In the beginning takes place prior to the beginning of the work week, in the beginning was the day the foundations of the earth was laid; according to the Scripture Yahusha was slain from the foundation of the earth – or ‘in the beginning’.

Rev 13:8 And all those dwelling on the earth, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the slain Lamb, from the foundation of the world shall worship him.

Rev 17:8 “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the pit of the deep and goes to destruction. And those dwelling on the earth, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, shall marvel when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

So ‘in the beginning’ is represented by when the foundations of the earth were laid and Yahusha was slain from that time; in the shadow sense. In the beginning when the heavens and earth were created is the day before the first work day of the creation week. That creation week was also a type and shadow of the 7,000 year millennial plan. Both the Feast of ULB and Sukkoth are shadows of the creation week. IOW, the first day of the feast of ULB and Sukkoth both represent the first day of the creation work week culminating in the 7th day return; a day is a 1,000 years. Each day of the 1,000 years is represented in the feast days. The 14th day of the month represents the ‘yom’ before the 6 day work period culminating in the 7th day rest. The 8th day of the Feast of Sukkoth represents the ‘yom’ after the 7,000th year has been completed. And looks something like this:

14th day of the first month = in the beginning
15th day of the month – 1st day of feast – 1st 1,000 years in the physical count
16th day of the month – 2nd day of the feast – 2nd 1,000 years in the physical count
17th day of the month – 3rd day of the feast – 3rd 1,000 years in the physical count
18th day of the month – 4th day of the feast – 4th 1,000 years in the physical count
19th day of the month – 5th day of the feast – 5th 1,000 years in the physical count
20th day of the month – 6th day of the feast - 6th 1,000 years in the physical count
21st day of the month – 7th day of the feast – 7th 1,000 years in the physical count
22nd day of the month – 8th day representing Last Great Day, new heavens and new earth

So again, there are many reasons to believe the 14th day of the first month is actually ‘the first day’ of Passover/ULB. Now if that’s not enough please go read the Passover account in 2 chronicles 35 – YoshiYahu’s Passover.   Now if you choose to do that, keep in mind the instructions concerning the first day.


Num 28:16-25
16 ‘And in the first month, on the fourteenth day, is the Passover of
Yahuah,
17 and on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival. For seven days unleavened bread is eaten.
18 ‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.
19 ‘And you shall bring near an offering made by fire as a burnt offering to
Yahuah: two young bulls and one ram, and seven lambs a year old, perfect ones they are for you,
20 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil. Prepare three-tenths of an ĕphah for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram.
21 ‘Prepare one-tenth of an ĕphah for each of the seven lambs,
22 and one goat as a sin offering, to make atonement for you.
23 ‘Prepare these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering.
24 ‘According to these you are to prepare the food of the offering made by fire daily for seven days, as a sweet fragrance to
Yahuah. It is prepared besides the continual burnt offering and its drink offering.
25 ‘And on the seventh day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.

Now, if you read the account, you will find that they had been giving slaughter offerings all day long until the evening when they put the Passover lamb on the fire. Now according to the common understanding of the 15th day being the ‘first day’ the question has to come to mind, is not only the Passover lamb to be slaughtered on the 14th day of the month? If this is so, why do we find all these other slaughter offerings taking place all day long until evening? Maybe they simply understood that 14 comes before 15 therefore it is the first day.

Personally, I believe the enemy has been behind destroying and hiding the understanding that the 14th day of the month is the first day. This day directly ties in with ‘in the beginning’ it also indirectly ties in with all new moons and most definitely the 7th. Why is it that day would not be considered a set-apart gathering? I mean logically you would think it would be as HE suffered all day long for our sins.



I was in a conversation with an individual that had some questions concerning this topic.  I have reproduced part of that here.



MG said,

"First, I understand your issue with those purporting the 3day/3night theory, and their correlation with the 15th being a Shabbat. But as you can see in the current discussion in which we have both made contributions in the group "Truth... Expose Lies", whether it was considered a Shabbat or not, there is no text in the 4 gospels that conclusively prove that more than one Shabbat occurred between Yahushua's execution and resurrection.”

REPLY: I agree. It’s kind of like a tag team. I’m coming from a little bit different perspective in demanding the proof that the 15th is their first day of ULB Sabbath and on the other hand you’re demanding the proof that there was two Sabbaths in that account. It seems that both of our questions cannot be answered. Well, at least not legitimately with Scripture. The point you make is an excellent one – that there are not two Sabbaths mentioned is absolutely correct. Every account shows the same Sabbath. I had an attempt made to answer that when I was asking for a time line that shows exactly what happened and what they ended up doing was quoting one of the same verses twice to explain two different Sabbaths! I really don’t even think they were aware they were doing this until it was pointed out then I heard nothing back from them.

MG said,

“Second, I have heard many explanations and definitions for what John 19:31 meant by calling THAT SABBATH on Abib 15 a "high day". Regardless WHICH meaning or understanding one espouses, it is obvious that it was referring to two elements which made it of great significance:

(1) Day of Unleavened Bread (Lev 23:6), and
(2) The 7th Day Sabbath (Ex 20:8-11)

What is your understanding of the significance and reason behind Abib 15 being called a "high day". I have my own perspective, of course. But I would like to hear yours.”

REPLY: I believe the reason that Yahuchanon mentioned that Sabbath as being a high/mega Sabbath is simply because that is the day the Feast of ULB begins. Which means it was a ‘big’ Sabbath. As was mentioned in Exo. 12 it said to guard this day and to guard it means to keep it and recognize it for the big Sabbath that it is. There is absolutely nothing in the Torah that ever refers to the first or seventh day of Passover/ULB being a Sabbath, so it can only be referring to the 7th day Sabbath, that is the Sabbath with the command to rest.

I also went and dug something up off of our forum. This might be some interest to you for further confirmation from the Scripture, an actual event that took place, that I believe absolutely confirms that the first day of Passover/ULB is the 14th. You can view the comments at: http://yahuahreigns.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=189... if you choose.


Deu 16:4
“And no leaven should be seen with you in all your border for seven days, neither should any of the meat which you slaughter in the evening on the first day stay all night until morning.


This verse says that the first day is the day that you slaughter the Passover. Most people ignore that and say the first day is the 15th. I believe these Scriptures prove that the 14th is the first day. This is the command concerning the offerings:

Num 28:16-25
16 ‘And in the first month, on the fourteenth day, is the Passover of Yahuah,

17 and on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival. For seven days unleavened bread is eaten.
18 ‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.
19 ‘And you shall bring near an offering made by fire as a burnt offering to
Yahuah: two young bulls and one ram, and seven lambs a year old, perfect ones they are for you,
20 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil. Prepare three-tenths of an ĕphah for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram.
21 ‘Prepare one-tenth of an ĕphah for each of the seven lambs,
22 and one goat as a sin offering, to make atonement for you.
23 ‘Prepare these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering.
24 ‘According to these you are to prepare the food of the offering made by fire daily for seven days, as a sweet fragrance to
Yahuah. It is prepared besides the continual burnt offering and its drink offering.
25 ‘And on the seventh day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.


These commands tell us that on the first day is a set-apart gathering and there are also other offerings made by fire, they are burnt offerings unto Yahuah. Again, most people refer to this first day as being the 15th. But these next Scriptures testify that the first day is the 14th; observe very closely what takes place in this account of the Passover that Yoshiyahu performed.

2 Ch 35:1-6
1 And Yoshiyahu performed a Passover to
Yahuah in Yerushalayim, and they slaughtered the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.
2 And he set the priests in their duties and strengthened them for the service of the House of
Yahuah,
3 and said to the Lewites who were teaching all Yisra’el, who were set-apart to
Yahuah, “Put the set-apart ark in the house which Shelomoh son of Dawiḏ, sovereign of Yisra’el, built. It is no longer to be a burden on your shoulders. Now serve Yahuah your Elohim and His people Yisra’el,
4 and prepare by the fathers’ houses, according to your divisions, by the writing of Dawiḏ sovereign of Yisra’el and by the writing of Shelomoh his son.
5 “And stand in the set-apart place by the divisions of the fathers’ houses of your brothers the lay people, and the portion of the father’s house of the Lewites.
6 “And slaughter the Passover, and set yourselves apart, and prepare for your brothers, to do according to the word of
Yahuah by the hand of Mosheh.”

The Scriptures confirm that they kept the Passover according to the word of Yahuah by the hand of Mosheh. Do we believe that they observed Passover incorrectly? If one insists that the 15th is the first day then one would have to say that YoshiYahu did not keep it according to the instructions given in Torah.

Notice very carefully the free-will offerings that were given to the lay people for Passover, you will find the same animals that were prescribed in the Torah concerning the first day through the seventh day.

2 Ch 35:7-18
7 And Yoshiyahu gave the lay people lambs and young goats from the flock, all for Passover offerings for everyone present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand cattle – these were from the sovereign’s possessions.
8 And his leaders contributed a voluntary offering to the people, to the priests, and to the Lĕwites. Hilqiyah, and Zeḵaryahu, and Yehi’el, leaders of the House of Elohim, gave to the priests for the Passover offerings two thousand six hundred, and three hundred cattle;
9 and Konanyahu, his brothers Shemayahu and Nethane’l, and Hashaḇyahu and Yeʽi’el and Yozaḇaḏ, chiefs of the Lewites, gave to the Lewites for Passover offerings five thousand, and five hundred cattle.
10 And the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their places, and the Lĕwites in their divisions, according to the command of the sovereign,
11 and they slaughtered the Passover. And the priests sprinkled out of their hands, while the Lĕwites were skinning.
12 And they removed the burnt offerings, to give them to the divisions of the fathers’ houses of the lay people, to bring to
Yahuah, as it is written in the Book of Mosheh, and the same with the cattle.
13 So they roasted the Passover offerings with fire according to the right-ruling, and they boiled the set-apart offerings in pots, and in cauldrons, and in bowls, and brought them speedily to all the lay people.
14 And afterward they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the priests, the sons of Aharon, were offering burnt offerings and fat until night. So the Lĕwites prepared for themselves and for the priests, the sons of Aharon.
15 And the singers, the sons of Asaph, were in their places, according to the command of Dawiḏ, and Asaph, and Heman, and Yeḏuthun the seer of the sovereign. And the gatekeepers at each gate did not have to leave their position, because their brothers the Lewites prepared for them.
16 And all the service of Yahuah was prepared that day, to perform the Passover and to offer burnt offerings on the altar of
Yahuah, according to the command of Sovereign Yoshiyahu.
17 And the children of Yisra’el who were present performed the Passover at that time, and the Festival of Unleavened Bread for seven days.
18 There had not been a Passover performed in Yisra’el like it since the days of Shemu’el the prophet. And none of the sovereigns of Yisra’el had performed such a Passover as Yoshiyahu performed, with the priests and the Lewites, and all Yehuḏah and Yisra’el who were present, and the inhabitants of Yerushalayim.


As we can clearly see in this Passover account that there were offerings being made all day long starting with the morning continual burnt offering all the way through to killing the Passover; which takes place in the evening, and there were so many offerings that they had to be put in pots, cauldrons, and bowls. Verse 12 tells us that they did this according to ‘as it is written in the book of Mosheh’; which means the Scriptures hold true saying that the day the lamb is slaughtered is the first day. In this account of Passover we can see that all the animals for the first day command were all present and being offered. I believe this account conclusively proves that the 15th is not the first day.








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