Cameos in raised relief of the Olympic gods. The
seven gods depicted are the GODS OF THE PLANETS
in correct order to their relationship to the
seven days of the week. From left to
right they are: Diana the moon for Monday, Mars for
Tuesday, Mercury for Wednesday, Jupiter for
Thursday, Venus for Friday, Saturn for Saturday, and
Apollo for Sunday. This was created in
Italy in the mid 19th century. It is made from
Vesuvian lava or a soft stone, and gold.
Monday -- Moon's day
Middle English monday or mone(n)day
Old English mon(an)dæg "day of the
Latin dies lunae "day of the moon"
Ancient Greek hemera selenes "day of
mythology, Diana was the goddess of the
hunt, the moon and birthing.
The crescent moon, sometimes worn as a
diadem, is a major attribute of the
Tuesday -- Tiu's day
Middle English tiwesday or tewesday
Old English tiwesdæg "Tiw's (Tiu's)
Latin dies Martis "day of Mars"
Ancient Greek hemera Areos "day of
languages, Tuesday is named for the planet
Mars or the war-god,
in Latin Martis Dies ("Mars'
Day"), surviving in Romance languages as Martes
Mardi (French), Martedi (Italian), Marţi
(Romanian), and Dimarts
Wednesday -- Woden's day
Middle English wodnesday, wednesday,
Old English wodnesdæg "Woden's day"
Latin dies Mercurii "day of Mercury"
Ancient Greek hemera Hermu "day of
Woden is the chief
Anglo-Saxon/Teutonic god. Woden is
the leader of the Wild Hunt. Woden
is from wod "violently insane" + -en
"headship". He is identified with
the Norse Odin.
is the patron god of financial gain,
commerce, eloquence (and thus
(including divination), travelers,
boundaries, luck, trickery and
thieves; he is also the guide of
souls to the underworld.
Hermes is the Greek god of commerce,
invention, cunning, and theft. He is
the messenger and herald of the
other gods. He serves as patron of
travelers and rogues, and as the
conductor of the dead to Hades.
Thursday -- Thor's day
Middle English thur(e)sday
Old English thursdæg
Old Norse thorsdagr "Thor's day"
Old English thunresdæg "thunder's
Latin dies Jovis "day of Jupiter"
Ancient Greek hemera Dios "day of
Thor is the Norse god of thunder. He
is represented as riding a chariot
drawn by goats and wielding the
hammer Miölnir. He is the defender
of the Aesir, destined to kill and
be killed by the Midgard Serpent.
Jupiter (Jove) is the supreme Roman
god and patron of the Roman state.
He is noted for creating thunder and
Zeus is Greek god of the heavens and
the supreme Greek god.
Emblems of his hammer,
Mjölnir, were worn in defiance and Norse pagan personal
names containing the name of the god
bear witness to his popularity.
Friday -- Freya's day
Middle English fridai
Old English frigedæg "Freya's day"
composed of Frige (genetive singular
of Freo) + dæg "day" (most likely)
or composed of Frig "Frigg" + dæg
"day" (least likely)
Germanic frije-dagaz "Freya's (or
Latin dies Veneris "Venus's day"
Ancient Greek hemera Aphrodites "day
Freo is identical with freo, meaning
free. It is from the Germanic frijaz
meaning "beloved, belonging to the
loved ones, not in bondage, free".
Freya (Fria) is the Teutonic goddess
of love, beauty, and fecundity
(prolific procreation). She is
identified with the Norse god Freya.
She is leader of the Valkyries and
one of the Vanir. She is confused in
Germany with Frigg.
Frigg (Frigga) is the Teutonic
goddess of clouds, the sky, and
conjugal (married) love. She is
identified with Frigg, the Norse
goddess of love and the heavens and
the wife of Odin. She is one of the
Aesir. She is confused in Germany
Venus is the Roman goddess of love
Aphrodite (Cytherea) is the Greek
goddess of love and beauty.
Several plants were named after Freyja, such
as Freyja's tears and Freyja's
hair (Polygala vulgaris), but
during the process of Christianization,
the name of the goddess was replaced with
that of the Virgin Mary.
Saturday -- Saturn's
Middle English saterday
Old English sæter(nes)dæg "Saturn's
Latin dies Saturni "day of Saturn"
Ancient Greek hemera Khronu "day of
In December, he was celebrated at what
is perhaps the most famous of the Roman
festivals, the Saturnalia, a time of
feasting, role reversals, free speech,
gift-giving and revelry (Note:
called Christmas today). Saturn the planet
and Saturday are both named after the god.
Middle English sone(n)day or
Old English sunnandæg "day of the sun"
Germanic sunnon-dagaz "day of the sun"
Latin dies solis "day of the sun"
Ancient Greek hemera heli(o)u, "day of
Old English sunne, from
(cf. Old Norse, Old Saxon, Old High German sunna, Middle Dutch
sonne, Dutch zon, German Sonne, Gothic sunno), from PIE *s(u)wen- (cf.
"sun," Old Irish fur-sunnud
"lighting up"), alternative form of root *saewel- "to shine,
sun" (see Sol).
"the sun," mid-15c., from Latin sol "the sun," from
from root *saewel-
"to shine, the sun" (cf. Sanskrit suryah, Avestan hvar "sun, light,
heavens;" Greek helios;
Apollo: Olympian deity, god of music,
poetry, medicine, etc., later identified
with Helios, the sun god; the name is a
Latin form of Greek Apollon,
said to be perhaps related to an obsolete
Greek verb meaning "to drive away"
Ra: "hawk-headed sovereign sun god of
Egyptian mythology," from Egyptian R' "sun, day."
Above information taken from